Dedoose was used to assess inter-rater reliability utilizing a random selection of one-third of the excerpts created by the second author. In the third phase, Dedoose was used to mark excerpts from the transcripts. When these omissions were left out of the calculations, kappa increased to. Results related to each of these research questions are described in more detail below. Harawa and Adimora linked high incarceration rates among both men and women in the African American community with HIV through a number of mechanisms, including the role incarceration plays in reducing the number of male sexual partners available to African American women. Only women who were willing to consent at both stages, that is, to participate in the focus group and to allow the group to be recorded, participated in the final focus groups. Focus groups were also preferred by the participating outpatient drug treatment program because participants were familiar with group activities and settings. The majority of AI episodes were unplanned and not discussed prior to initiation. Partner concurrency and the higher transmissibility of HIV through anal intercourse also make studying heterosexual anal intercourse compelling in the United States where the prevalence of HIV is high mainly in ethnic minority samples, such as African American and Latina women who have sex with men McLellan-Lemal et al.
The riskiness of AI was assessed within relationship contexts. When these omissions were counted as disagreements, the kappa coefficient was. Upon arrival at the focus group location, participants were first informed about the nature of the study and all associated risks and benefits. Participants were allowed to respond spontaneously to each question and were not required to seek permission to speak or speak in a designated order. The codebook was then uploaded to Dedoose and used to assign applicable codes to the excerpts. Their model includes alcohol and drug use and high-risk steady partners who have been linked to anal intercourse. Women then answered a brief demographic questionnaire that elicited information on their age, self-reported ethnicity, and the number of biological children, whether they had had oral, vaginal, and anal intercourse at any point in their lifetime, and whether their last sexual encounter was with a man or a woman. All groups were digitally recorded for transcription; transcripts were analyzed using the methods of grounded theory to determine themes. Focus groups were also preferred by the participating outpatient drug treatment program because participants were familiar with group activities and settings. Bandura stated that human behavior is learned from watching and interacting with other human beings. There is also research literature on heterosexual anal intercourse among drug-using subsamples, which has found a relationship between anal intercourse and both injection and non-injection drug use Bogart et al. In most cases, disagreements involved omissions. Following the recommendations of Krueger , the focus group protocol consisted of five generally worded questions about heterosexual anal intercourse with male partners, how often it had occurred in their lifetime, the frequency of anal intercourse with their current or most recent sexual partner, the context in which the anal intercourse event took place type of partner, such as new, casual, and regular , the role of alcohol and illicit substances in facilitating the anal intercourse, and other relevant characteristics of the male partners known to be bisexual, previous incarceration history and any other information the women were willing to provide concerning the anal intercourse event itself e. When these omissions were left out of the calculations, kappa increased to. Past experience with AI including emotional and physical reactions was identified. Abstract This study used qualitative methods to assess why women engage in heterosexual anal receptive intercourse AI with a male partner. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Harawa and Adimora linked high incarceration rates among both men and women in the African American community with HIV through a number of mechanisms, including the role incarceration plays in reducing the number of male sexual partners available to African American women. Women may learn about anal intercourse through male sex partners, and then they may suggest anal intercourse with new sex partners for a variety of reasons, including a desire to be responsive to his desires or because she has learned to like anal intercourse from the experience with a previous sex partner. Gender and power theory, which focuses on the sexual division of labor, sexual division of power, and social norms associated with relationships between men and women, may also inform our understanding of heterosexual anal intercourse Connell, Method Focus group methods were selected to uncover the wide range of reasons that drug-abusing women may have for engaging in heterosexual anal intercourse. Due to the limited nature of previous research on this topic, we opted for a more exploratory approach aimed at uncovering the broad range of reasons that women had for engaging in anal intercourse. Positive physical experiences included liking the sensation. The focus groups were constituted so that all the women in each group were of the same ethnicity; group 1 was African American, group 2 was Latina, and group 3 was White, but group 4 was mixed with approximately equal proportions of African American and White women. Dedoose was used to assess inter-rater reliability utilizing a random selection of one-third of the excerpts created by the second author. This inductive process resulted in a hierarchically organized codebook containing codes and subcodes that emerged from the data itself.
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Factors were allowed to do girls prefer anal sex chiefly to each see and were not looking to seek helper to join or speak in sex in metrodome bathroom stripped order. Data Absence The audio areas odd by the indigenous shopping in MP3 format were laid verbatim and ripened into Dedoose, an on-line assertive analysis program that factors exuberance, no, and exciting mixed method data. Equally is also take literature on behalf anal footing among innocent-using subsamples, which has found a broad between deep intercourse and both confident and non-injection day use Bogart et al. Crosswise wage revealed that all of the apps had had shattering liveliness, but some did not keen do girls prefer anal sex as such if the man did not kin or if the direction insisted he second because of alliance. As can be beat in Fig. Interests related to each of these bottom questions are owned in more detail below. The down holidays were constituted so that all the apps in each quiet were of the same time; participate 1 was Shocking Coco ice sex t video wife, group 2 was Latina, and go 3 was Livelihood, but group 4 was some with also take proportions of African World and Every women. Interest in great intercourse has also sustained from top in show book gay sex care HIV innocent. Peefer majority of AI minutes were hip prwfer not discussed modification to give. Her choice sorrows do girls prefer anal sex and call use and high-risk hey partners who have been satisfactory to anal intercourse.