Some research into gender differences in learning even looks at how girls and boys respond differently to changes in temperature, suggesting that girls prefer warmer rooms while boys prefer to learn in cooler conditions. It remains to be proven whether single-sex classrooms are beneficial to students. Emerging Research Offering single-gender classes is an effective response to school-level data that shows achievement gaps between males and females, where students are not achieving at expected levels, or as a way to engage parents by offering a choice. Putting this research into practice, however, has triggered a debate that extends beyond pure academics. If the single-sex education movement continues, you may find yourself in a position to vote for or against it in your own community. Single-sex classrooms were only constitutional if comparable resources were available to both genders.
During a three-year study, trained observers visited more than elementary school classrooms in Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, Virginia, and the District of Columbia and noted student-teacher interactions, including the following: The study, co-authored by Janet Hyde of the University of Wisconsin—Madison, found that many of the claims made by advocates of single-sex schooling were unsubstantiated. This means that there are probably more boys who are more active more often in the classroom and more girls who more often show strengths in using words verbally and in writing. It provides a thorough analysis of the topic and examines future directions for single gender school reform program. Ideas from the Field Subscribe to ASCD Express, our free e-mail newsletter, to have practical, actionable strategies and information delivered to your e-mail inbox twice a month. Studies suggest that when boys are in single-gender classrooms, they are more successful in school and more likely to pursue a wide range of interests and activities. The Case for Single-Gender Classrooms Jefferson Leadership Academies was in the spotlight in when it became the first public middle school in the United States to have entirely single-gender classes. Con Studies are inconclusive about how helpful separating genders is. In mixed sex schools, good teachers should be able to play to these strengths and maximise the competitive and dominant nature of boys and the collaborative, project-based nature of girls to achieve the highest levels of both educational attainment and social development. Some research and reports from educators suggest that single-sex education can broaden the educational prospects for both girls and boys. Some research also indicates that far from breaking down gender stereotypes, sex segregation can actually promote these stereotypes among students. Again, this provides more structure in which students take ownership and can be held accountable. Teachers valued boys' comments more than girls' comments. Diane Halpern, a past president of the American Psychological Association, said the basis for single-sex education needed to be re-examined when there was no research to show that boys and girls learn differently. Differentiating in the Classroom Structure and connection are two key concepts when examining gender in the classroom. Increasing Student Engagement Every year, we administer student, parent, and teacher surveys at schools with single-gender classes with regard to self-confidence, motivation, participation, and desire to complete hard work. Boys were encouraged to solve problems on their own, but teachers helped girls who were stuck on problems. While most of society has finally embraced the idea of equality for women, the idea that women might actually surpass men in some areas even as they remain behind in others seems hard for many people to swallow. Ultimately, each school determines whether exercising the single-gender option would be a good fit and then takes responsibility for the program's success. In fact, with a few exceptions, American boys are scoring higher and achieving more than they ever have before. No evidence shows that single-sex education works or is better for girls than coeducation. In addition to survey data, in the school year we received achievement and discipline data from a small sample of schools that hints at the potential benefit of single-gender classes. In general, boys seem to be more successful with increased structure. Attending single-sex schools could be in fact be disadvantageous for children and teenagers, with evidence to show segregation caused people to develop strong stereotypes and in-group bias, said Halpern. The age-old debate around single sex schools versus mixed schools is back on the educational agenda once more, with experts from across the education sector still divided on the subject. Halpern pointed to a meta-analysis of studies , representing the testing of 1. Virginia case involving male-only military college Virginia Military Institute.
Video about single sex classrooms:
Single-Sex Education Pros and Cons - JoAnn Deak, PhD
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